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ARMENIAN CIVILIZATION

The Armenian nation was first united into the Urartsian State, even though Armenian tribes populated the area around Mt. Ararat long before it. Being once contemporary to the Sumeran civilization (more than275 sumeran hieroglyphics are readable in Armenian) and ancient Rome Armenian Statehood was empowered by Christianity. According to the legend, recorded by Armenian historians (Movses Khorenatsi) of as early as Vth century, it was Forefather Hike that gave birth to the Armenian nation after the Flood and the Babelonean exodus. Armenian nation was among first to adopt, develop and share with others many progressive phenomena at various times:
- Was blessed to be tought by Christ’s two apostles- St. Bartholomew and St. Mathew. Armenian King Abgar of Edessa strove to save Christ from hands of Jews, when they seized him, but was not permitted by Romans to proceed. In 301 A.D., upon Hripsimean virgins martirdom and the King Trdat being baptized by St.Gregory The Illuminator, Armenia became the first country in the world to adopt Christianity as the State religion. Armenian Apostolic Church is one of the world’s oldest and distinct religious confessions, which has had large representation in Holy places in Jerusalem (Armenian Quarter) and Bethlehem since first centuries A.D., is a member of the International Christian Ecumenical Council;
- Developed and adopted own Armenian scripts by St. Mesrob Mashtots in 405 A.D.;
- Gave some 12 emperors of Armenian origin to Byzantine;
- Contributed with the Armenian architecture as a distinct and recognized phenomena in the world. Many Armenian renown architects developed remarkable structures for their own, as well as for neighboring nations. One of the best known of Armenian architects was Master Sinan- an Ottoman sultans` architect. Many medieval Armenian churches (of as early as IV-XVII centuries) and their remnants are spread throughout Armenian lands in Turkey, the Republic of Armenia, and Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, in Iran, in Georgia;
- Contest priority with other nations of the ancient world in inventing many original technologies, instruments and phenomena, such as wine, beer, and yogurt "matsoun" brewing, printing, carpets weaving, inventing several musical instruments.

The talent and etrepreneural, optimistic spirit of Armenians, their tolerance and appreciation to other nations` representatives (St. Gregory The Illuminator was a Parthian, Hripsimean Virgins came from Constantinopolis, Byzantine, ancestors of St. Vardan Mamikonian came from China), as well as democratic traditions of the nation (at times clerics openly opposed the rulers, cornerstone articles of Armenian historians reached us in their original versions, Armenian kings and nobles would give their sons to be brought up in the families of their neighbours) allowed the nation to traverse a thorny, but glorious way through its long history.

As much as Armenians have been open for cross-cultural exposure, just as that much they have been resolute in protecting their national and cultural identity from enforced external cultural and military interventions. One of most symbolic in this sense battle took place in 451 A.D. when the National Armenian army, which included detachments of volunteer men and women, under commandment of St. Vardan Mamikonian fought regular Persian Army, which was trying to impose Zoroastrist faith on Armenians.

Even being conquered and oppressed (centuries of Turkish occupation), with their country serving as a battlefield for two Islamic nations- Turks and Persians (XVII-XIX), Armenians, preserved their National and Cultural identity.

For Biblical references see more at www.biblioz.am

Learn more by:

- visiting http://www.armenianhighland.com/cradle/chronicle100.html;

- ordering with us a rarity book- "Armenia: Cradle of Civilization" by David Lang, 1971 (out of print). No Reserve. Price: $155.00. Payment via wire transfer or personal check (US residents only) can be done upon delivery.

Buy reproductions of original Armenian manuscripts by medieval
(XII-XIV) Armenian miniaturists Grigor, Tzerun, Toros Taronatsi (eight pages of reproduced color illustrations, an annotation). Price: $43.00 (incl. shipping). Offer is valid while supplies last. The payment can be done upon delivery (personal check)



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